Airport Safety Papers & Publications

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Evaluation of Unmanned Aircraft Systems for Live Monitoring to Enhance Situational Awareness During an Aircraft Rescue and Firefighting Response

Report number: DOT/FAA/TC-22/29 (Errata) Authors: Jonathan Sheairs, Garrison Canter, and Jack Kreckie

Addressing Electric Aviation Infrastructure Cybersecurity Implementation

Authors: Anthony Markel and Anuj Sanghvi

Abstract: This technical report evaluates key considerations of cybersecurity systems in preparation for the electrification of both legacy and new aviation services. The objectives are to consider the landscape of components and interconnections, review sensitivities and the criticality of data and operations, and aim to understand the applicability of existing best practices or the need for new ones associated with the cybersecurity of electric charging systems for the aviation sector. Given the early stages of electric aviation deployment, developers have the opportunity to plan and integrate cybersecurity strategies into the complete electric aviation system during the initial stages of design and procurement and will benefit from employing a framework for continuous cybersecurity monitoring. This paper presents initial considerations of key cybersecurity strategies and their application to forthcoming electric aviation systems.

Published by U.S. Department of Energy – Office of Science and Technical Information.

This report can be accessed at:

Overview of Potential Hazards in Electric Aircraft Charging Infrastructure

Authors: Jayaraj Rane, Bharatkumar Solanki, Scott Cary, Prateek Joshi, and Subhankar Ganguly

Abstract: As the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) prepares for the integration of the first generation of advanced electric aircraft, it must also prepare for significant changes to the infrastructure and related risks and hazards. Although some existing hazards related to power system configurations are already being considered, the electrification process will add a large amount of electrical load to the existing system, and infrastructure upgrades to support this change must also be considered. With these changes, it is important that site managers and operators are prepared to mitigate any potential hazards. This report aims to help the FAA identify these potential hazards and relevant standards that can help with training and mitigation planning. The objective of this report is to document and help familiarize FAA and airport authorities with the potential hazards associated with the deployment of electric aircraft and the associated charging infrastructure. The list and examples of these hazards are nonexhaustive, and multiple hazards can occur simultaneously. This report discusses natural, human, and technological causes that can lead to fire (thermal), physical, or chemical hazards. Applicable standards and guidelines associated with electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) infrastructure are available for reference in the appendix. These can help operators in the site selection process for EVSE, mitigation planning, deployment considerations, and training of staff to handle these situations, depending on the geographic location of the facility.

Published by U.S. Department of Energy – Office of Science and Technical Information.

This report can be accessed at:

Federal Aviation Administration Vertiport Electrical Infrastructure Study

Authors: Bharatkumar Solanki, Peyton Sanders, Eric Miller, Priti Paudyal, Bhavesh Rathod, Sherinn Ann Abraham, Michael Young, Andre Fernandes Tomon Avelino, Harsha Vardhana Padullaparti, Scott Cary, Chris Hallock, Kristi Moriarty, Grant Ellwood, Jiyu Wang, Francisco Flores-Espino, Jayaraj Rane, Tony Markel, and Anuj Sanghvi

Abstract: In this detailed analysis, the authors assess the charging infrastructure needed for the deployment of advanced air mobility involving electrified vertical take-off and landing technologies. The report covers four research areas: (1) Identifying charging infrastructure requirements for existing facilities based on flight operational parameters, potential use cases, charging strategy, and other constraints. (2) Assessing sites on power availability to meet charging demand, the impact on grid infrastructure, potential hazards, and cybersecurity needs, and using technoeconomic analysis to identify opportunities for onsite distributed energy resources, primarily solar photovoltaics and battery energy storage systems. (3) Calculating greenhouse gas emission based on total energy consumption attributable to each site. (4) Analyzing the job and economic development impact for sites adopting new infrastructure.

Published by U.S. Department of Energy – Office of Science and Technical Information.

This report can be accessed at:

Evaluation of Unmanned Aircraft Systems for Aircraft Accident and Incident Scene Documentation

Report number: DOT/FAA/TC-23/79, Authors: Garrison Canter, Jonathan Sheairs, Jack Kreckie, Sheldon Menezes, Ethan Schreuder, and Mitchell Roberts

Engineered Material Arresting System Sign Simulation—Expanded Data Analysis

Report number: DOT/FAA/TC-TN23/72, Authors: W. Russ Gorman and James White

Evaluation of Effects from Mixing Fluorine-Free Foam Concentrates

Report number: DOT/FAA/TC-TN23/73, Authors: Daniel Trazzi and Jeremy Casey

Evaluation of Unmanned Aircraft Systems for Airport Perimeter Inspections and Surveillance

Report number: DOT/FAA/TC-23/67 Authors: Jonathan Sheairs, Garrison Canter

Evaluation of Unmanned Aircraft Systems for Airport Obstacle Data Collection

Report number: DOT/FAA/TC-23/61 Authors: Jonathan Sheairs, Garrison Canter, Sheldon Menezes, David Hall, Abby Castle, and Ethan Schreuder

Fluorine-Free Foam Fire Tests Using Various Foam Delivery Configurations

Report number: DOT/FAA/TC-TN23/60 Authors: Daniel Trazzi and Jeremy Casey